Hackers are people who exploit their technical skills and knowledge to gain unauthorised access to computers systems or networks. There are many types of hackers. Each has their own motivations, and different tactics.
Black hat hackers are also known as crackers. They use their skills to steal sensitive data, spread malware, and disrupt services. They often work for their own gain or to benefit criminal organizations.
White hat hackers are also known as ethical hackers. They use their skills and knowledge to fix security holes in computers and networks. Companies often hire them to help protect their networks and test their security.
Gray hat hackers combine the best of both white and black hat hackers. They can use their skills for malicious or benign purposes and may even operate outside of the law. Gray hat hackers, for example, may find a security flaw and exploit it. However, they might then reveal the vulnerability to the company or organization affected, rather than using it for their own gain.
Script kiddies are hackers who use scripts and tools written by others to launch attacks on systems or gain unauthorized access. These hackers often lack the technical skills and knowledge of more experienced hackers and use script kiddies’ tools to disrupt or cause mischief, rather than for malicious or financial gain.
It is important to remember that the meanings of the terms “black, white, and gray hat” can change depending on context. These terms are used more to describe hackers’ motivations and intent than their specific tactics or technical skills.
Black hat hackers use their skills to harm others, while white hat hackers use their skills to improve security. Gray hat hackers can use their skills both for malicious and benign purposes. Script kiddies are people who have no technical skills but can use scripts or tools to launch attacks.